Diagnosis of Vascular dementia
There’s no specific test that confirms you have vascular dementia. Diagnosis of vascular dementia is done by medical history for stroke or disorders of the blood vessels and heart, and results of tests that may help clarify your diagnosis.
Images of your brain can pinpoint visible abnormalities caused by tumors , strokes, or trauma , blood vessel diseases, that may cause changes in thinking and reasoning.
•Computerized tomography (CT) scans
It can provide information about your brain’s structure; tell whether any regions show shrinkage; and detect evidence of mini-strokes (transient ischemic attacks), strokes, tumors, or blood vessel changes.
Lab diagnosis of vascular dementia is done by testing blood pressure, cholesterol, blood sugar or by testing thyroid disorders and vitamin deficiencies
•Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
An MRI uses strong magnetic field and a radio waves to produce detailed images of your brain. MRIs are generally the preferred imaging test because MRI can provide even more detail than CT scans about strokes, blood vessel abnormalities and mini strokes.